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What is myco reforestation ?

How you can boost the growth of trees? How capture 3 times more carbon when planting trees?

A tree lives in symbiosis with one ore more funghis.

With their myceliums, their filament bodies, funghis exchange minerals and water against the carbon produced by the photosynthesis from the trees.

In doing so, mushroom accelerate the growth of the trees by 2 or 3. It is the best way to get the best result for their growth and capture the more carbon the cheapest way. Nature takes care of everything.

Funghis also take care of the protection of the tree, not only by keeping the ideal nutrition level, but as well by producing efficient antibiotics in case of a harsh parasitic attac.

The relationship between trees and funghis, to make it simple, is of two ways :

Endo-mycorrhizal :

the fungi in symbiosis with the tree penetrates directly its body; it becomes part of the tree, at the tip of its roots it operates some essential nutritional functions for the tree.

The best example is the leguminous trees like the acacias : the mushroom is part of the tip of the roots, to the point that it became a transmitted through its genetics. Even more the mushroom inside the tree entertains a bunch of bacteria which makes this tree as a green fertilizer, when you plant it, as it naturally comes with all his gang to perform the remediationof a soil.They broadcast in the soil nitrates, from all the azote the tree catches in the air, and in exchange, they eat the carbon of the photosynthesis that they transform into sugars directly available to the life of the soil. They also feed the tree with water that they can grab kilometers away through their rhyzomial web, as well as essential minerals they get from the mother rock.

Marvellous nature isn’t it? Isnt this another reason not to tile the ground?

Not to mention that this system is a general constant of the life of the soil life : exchanges made by aerobic and anaerobic bacteria (the one whch function with oxygene and the ones which function without) are responsible for the penetration of water in the soil down to the phreatic reserve; they are responsible for the elemental exchanges needed by any terrestrial life, of which we are benefiting from by eating plants and the ones who eat plants.

Ectomycorrhize :

The fungi stays apart from the tree while establishing a commensal symbiosis: they eat the same thing but slowly the mushroom becomes like an external stomach for the tree which digest elements to turn them into vital elements while transforming the carbon produced by the tree into sugars and sometimes medecine which will reeforce the immune system of the tree.

How to proceed ?

First of all prepare BRF, “Bois Raméal Fragmenté”  very brainy French word for “fresh wood chips”. Never use trees with essetial oils like eucalyptus or pine, it will have the coounter effect, most essential oils being antibacterial.

Two ways to inoculate BRF according to the place :

You have an old wood nearby…
You will then link the new tree with the wood by making a path of wood chips in surface. The myceliums dof the old trees will immidiatly run on the path to meet the new trees.

This mulch of chips will be food as well as support to the fungi, which will develop on it and feed the new tree, while organizing all the activity of the soil to support its’ growth.

So we will spread the chips at the foot of each tree and make a web of trees with path of 30cm wide and 3cm thick, down to the good old oak. The mycelium will go fairly quickly if you prepare the chips by spreading on them hydrogen peroxyde, which is what a fungi uses to combat  its enemy bacterias. If these are dominent it will slow down the process, or stop it.

if you dont have an old wood at hand, get a prepared mycelium or mushromm spore from your local lab.

Local solutions are always betteradapted. But trees are more or less always attached to the same bunch of fungis, this is what plant sociology tels us. The inadapted fungi will disapear rapidly. Sort of a universal law when all functions at its place.

To  noculate the new trees, 4 ways :

Spores and bacterias mixed, are diluted directly in the earth where the tree is being planted. A  bit harsh but it can work.

Inoculate directly the roots of the young trees before planting them (better respect a strict cleansiness protocole to get the chance on your side).

Otherwise spray the BRF once the plantation is accomplished.

Or put the mycorrhize from the lab directly in contact with the chips respecting the same sanitary protocole.

Fungis and bacteria to associate with trees :

This is a wide range which can be shortened accordingto the plantation. The inefficient will naturally be eliminated. Sorry if it seems a bit like an odd manhattan cocktail but non of these are harmfull for the trees at this stage. Cheers.

Endomycorrhizes : Glomus intraradices, Glomus mosseae, Glomus aggregatum, Glomus clarum, Glomus deserticola, Glomus etunicatum, Gigaspora margarita, Gigaspora brasilianum, Gigaspora monosporum

Ectomycorrhizes : Rhizopogon villosullus, Rhizopogon luteolus, Rhizopogon amylopogon, Rhizopogon fulvigleba, Pisolithus tinctorius, Laccaria bicolor, Laccaria laccata, Scleroderma cepa, Scleroderma citrinum, Suillus granulatas, Suillus punctatapies

Trichoderma : Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma konigii

Good Bacterias : Bacillus subtillus, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus azotoformans, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus pumlis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus stearothermiphilis, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Paenibacillus durum, Paenibacillus florescence, Paenibacillu gordonae, Azotobacter polymyxa, Azotobacter chroococcum, Sacchromyces cervisiae, Streptomyces griseues, Streptomyces lydicus, Pseudomonas aureofaceans, Deinococcus erythromyxa